- Buni - God
- Parsua - Creator
- Apo Langit - Lord Heaven (Apo means "Lord")
- Apo Angin - Lord Wind
- Apo Init - Lord Sun
- Apo Tudo - Lord Rain
The Ilokanos also believed in the following anito (spirits).
- Mangmankik - spirits who dwell in woodlands and trees
- Kaibaan - dwarfs who dwell in anthills
- Bagbagutot - spirits who swell in shrubs
- Namagayak - the soul of the rice (pagay)
Other mythological creatures are:
- Katataoan - giants
- Ansisit - dwarfs the size of a finger
- Kaibaan - dwarfs two to three feet tall
- Pugot - spirits of ancestral aborigines (Aetas) who guard treasures
- Kumao - half-bird half-animals
- Aswang - spirits that sell and kidnap children
The Ilokanos believed that man had three souls.
- Karma - ego: responsible for the normal feeling in the individual. It is thought of as vapor and assumes the form of insects after leaving the body.
- Alingaas - shadow
- Kararwa - soul, which existed even after death